CONTOH SOAL ACTIVE PASSIVE :
Ubah kalimat ini menjadi passive atau active !
1. SBY and Budiono won the general election.
a. SBY and Budiono are won by the general election.
b. The general election is won by SBY and Budiono.
c. The general election was won by SBY and Budiono.
d. The general election were won by SBY and Budiono.
2. Robby will buy John a new cloth.
a. John will be bought by Robby a new cloth.
b. John would be bought a new cloth by Robby.
c. A new cloth will be bought by Robby for John.
d. A new cloth will be bought by John for Robby.
3. Some students are going to arrange a reunion party at school next month.
a. A reunion party are going to arrange by some students at school next month.
b. A reunion party is going to arrange by some students at school next month.
c. A reunion party is going to arrange by some students at school next month.
d. A reunion party is going to be arranged by some students at school next month.
4. Neither James nor Jenny has been told yet.
a. James has told Jenny already.
b. Jenny has told James already.
c. Nobody has told James and Jenny.
d. They have told either James or Jenny.
5. My book was stolen.
a. Someone stole my book.
b. Someone has stolen my book
c. Someone have stolen my book.
d. Someone was stealing my book
6. My father enlarged and repainted the house.
a. The house is enlarged by my father and repainted.
b. The house was enlarged and repainted by my father.
c. The house was being enlarged and repainted by my father.
d. The house was to enlarge and repaint by my father.
7. My friend is reading a book in the classroom.
a. A book is read by my friend in the classroom.
b. A book is readed by my friend in the classroom.
c. A book is be reading by my friend in the classroom.
d. A book is being read by my friend in the classroom.
8. Cristiano Ronaldo scored the winning goal.
a. The goal is won by Cristiano Ronaldo scored
b. The goal is scored by Cristiano Ronaldo.
c. The winning goal is scored by Cristiano Ronaldo.
d. The winning goal was scored by Cristiano Ronaldo.
9. After class, one of the students always erases the whiteboard.
a. After class, the whiteboard is always erased by one of the students.
b. After class, the whiteboard are always erased by one of the students.
c. After class, the whiteboard is always being erased by one of the students.
d. After class, the whiteboard always is erased by one of the students.
10. I am happy now.
a. Happy is now by me.
b. Happiness is by me now.
c. The happiness is now by me.
d. None of the above options are correct.
CONTOH SOAL ADJECTIVE CLAUSE
Combine the two sentences into one by using adjective clause!
1. The waitress was a bad guy. He over charged us.
2. My English teacher always gives me a good grade.Â He is a nice teacher.
3. The man has a beautiful daughter. He is a policeman.
4. My sister always sends me some letters. She is teaching in Singapore.
5. The musician is very skilful. She is also a doctor.
6. I have read the book. you just mentioned.
7. The lesson is very difficult. She is learning.
8. The boy is called Bob. He gave me a present.
9. We have an antique table. The top of it has jade inlay.
10. There are 20 students in my class. Most of them are from the Outside Java.
CONTOH SOAL CONDITIONAL
1. Saya belajar bahasa Inggris tiap hari. Jika saya terus belajar bahasa Inggris tiap hari, bahasa Inggris saya akan meningkat dengan cepat.
a. If I keep learning English everyday, my English will improve fast.
b. If I kept learning English everyday, my English would improve fast.
c. If I had kept learning English everyday, my English would have improved fast.
d. If I had kept learning English everyday, my English will improve fast.
2. Jony tidak punya teman berlatih bahasa Inggris sekarang. Seandainya sekarang Jony punya seorang teman untuk berlatih bahasa Inggris, dia akan berlatih bahasa Inggris tiap hari.
a. If now Jony has a friend to practice English with, he will practice English everyday.
b. If now Jony had a friend to practice English with, he would practice English everyday.
c. If now Jony had had a friend to practice English with, he would have practiced English everyday.
d. If now Jony didn’t have a friend to practice English with, he wouldn’t practice English everyday.
3. Andrea nyetir dengan kecepatan 100 km per jam kemarin . Akibatnya, dia dapat kecelakaan . Sendainya . Andrea tidak nyetir dengan kecepatan 100 km/jam kemarin, dia tidak akan dapat kecelakaan.
a. If Andrea doesn’t drive at a speed of 100 km per hour yesterday, he will not get an accident.
b. If Andrea didn’t drive at a speed of 100 km per hour yesterday, he would not get an accident.
c. If Andrea hadn’t drove at a speed of 100 km per hour yesterday, he would not have got an accident.
d. If Andrea hadn’t driven at a speed of 100 km per hour yesterday, he would not have got an accident.
4. I am not happy because she doesn’t love me. But, ….
a. I will be very happy if she loves me.
b. I will be happy if she loved me.
c. I would be very happy if she loved me.
d. I would have been very happy if she had loved me.
5. Sorry bro. I was sick last night therefore I didn’t come to your party.
a. If I wasn’t sick last night, I came to your party.
b. If I had been sick last night, I wouldn’t come to your party.
c. If I hadn’t been sick last night, I would come to your party.
d. If I hadn’t been sick last night, I would have come to your party.
6. Saya ingin pergi ke mall sekarang tetapi saya tidak bisa karena hujannya sangat lebat.
a. I wish it didn’t rain
b. I wish it is not raining
c. I wish it doesn’t rain.
d. I wish it hadn’t rained.
7. Dia bukan anak president tetapi lagaknya kayak anak presiden saja.
a. He is not a president’s son but he acts as though he is a president’s son.
b. He is not a president’s son but he acts as though he was a president’s son.
c. He is not a president’s son but he acts as though he were a president’s son.
d. He is not a president’s son but he acts as though he would be a president’s son.
8. Tommy and Tono couldn’t play football because they had an exam.
a. Tommy and Tono couldn’t play football as if they had had an exam.
b. Tommy and Tono could have played football if they didn’t have an exam.
c. Tommy and Tono could play football if they didn’t have an exam.
d. Tommy and Tono could have played football if they hadn’t had an exam.
9. The sun always rises in the east.
a. What would happen if the sun rises in the west?
b. What will happen if the sun rises in the west?
c. What would happen if the sun rose in the west?
d. What would have happened if the sun had risen in the west?
10. She didn’t love him because he was a jerk.
a. If he hadn’t been a jerk, she would have loved him.
b. If he weren’t a jerk, she would love him.
c. If he hadn’t been a jerk, she would love him.
d. She would have loved him even though he had been a jerk.
CONTOH SOAL ACTIVE PASSIVE :
This incident took place about 7 years ago. Me and my cousin which amounted to 7 people, were staying at the aunt's house in the area Joglo, West Jakarta, who was away for several days. We were assigned to guard my aunt's house.
There's one of my cousins coward, who named Ridha, having 2 odd occurrence there. First, approximately 8 pm. When making instant noodles in the kitchen, suddenly shouted Ridha. She said she saw shadowy figures from the hands of the kitchen window. Hand shadow without a body. We then jointly inspect the window. But we did not find anything.
The second incident, at about 4 am. At that time, in the room, Ridha heard someone walking while holding and playing a key, then open one door in the house. A moment later, she also heard someone knock-knock on the bedroom window and told to pray at dawn.
In the morning, when Ridha told us, we were surprised. Anyone who opens the door and woke at dawn to pray..? Because by then we're all asleep. After we checked, the key was still hanging in place. Evidence that no one is touching it let alone have the key.
Then, who opened the door, the key play, and wake at dawn to pray..? And the shadow's hand who she saw in the kitchen the night before..?
Since the incident, Rida did not want to stay longer there.
This incident occurred on 27 March 2010. At that time, me and my friends want to make a surprise to my friend who was a birthday.
After finishing a surprise, my friend's mother bought us fried rice and fried noodles. When the food arrived, we were surprised, because the food that was ordered totaling 8 servings, while we were all there was 7 people.
Then we started counting restarts, and it turns out the amount we all have 7 people. However, Ina and Anggi, people who count from the beginning, very sure that if had he counted the number 8 persons.
Until now, we also wonder, who is one person who took part count ...?
An adjective clause is a dependent clause that modifies a noun. It is possible to combine the following two sentences to form one sentence containing an adjective clause:
The children are going to visit the museum.
They are on the bus.
The children who are on the bus are going to visit the museum.
| adjective clause |
In the sentence above, there are two other ways to write the sentence correctly using the second sentence as the adjective clause.
The children that are on the bus are going to visit the museum.
The children on the bus are going to visit the museum.
Some other sentences can be combined into a sentence using adjective clauses in a variety of ways, and they are all correct. Note the variety of ways in which the following two sentences can be combined.
The church is old.
My grandparents were married there.
The church where my grandparents were married is old.
The church in which my grandparents were married is old.
The church which my grandparents were married in is old.
The church that my grandparents were married in is old.
The church my grandparents were married in is old.
In the sentences above, the adjective clauses are underlined. All answers are correct. Note the use of the word "in" and how and where it is used.
*sumber : http://www.eslbee.com/AdjClauses.htm
Active / Passive Verb Forms
Sentences can be active or passive. Therefore, tenses also have "active forms" and "passive forms." You must learn to recognize the difference to successfully speak English.
In active sentences, the thing doing the action is the subject of the sentence and the thing receiving the action is the object. Most sentences are active.
[Thing doing action] + [verb] + [thing receiving action]
The professor teaches the student.
In passive sentences, the thing receiving the action is the subject of the sentence and the thing doing the action is optionally included near the end of the sentence. You can use the passive form if you think that the thing receiving the action is more important or should be emphasized. You can also use the passive form if you do not know who is doing the action or if you do not want to mention who is doing the action.
[Thing receiving action] + [be] + [past participle of verb] + [by] + [thing doing action]
The student are taught by the professor
sumber : http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/activepassive.html
Name : Afaa Alghifaary
Sex : Male
Address : DPR 1 Jl.Gotong Royong No. 49A RT 03 / RW 02 Kebon Jeruk Jakarta Barat 11530
Telephone : 021 – 940282XX / 0857815184XX
Date of Birth : 26 March 1988
Place of Birth : Jakarta
Religion : Islam
Height : 170 cm
Weight : 60 kg
Physical Condition : Excellent
Nationality : Indonesia
Marital Status : Single
Education Background :
2006 – 2010 Attented the Economy Department, Gunadarma University
2003 – 2006 Senior High School at SMUN 16 Jakarta
2000 – 2003 Junior High School at SLTPN 127 Jakarta
1994 – 2000 Elementary at SDN Bojonggede 01 Bogor
2007 Work as a sales clerk PT. Toko Gunung Agung Tbk. in Jakarta during 2 months.
By Chetan Saiya (CEO, Assetlink Corporation)
Published by The Wise Marketer in June 2005.
A number of factors conspire against marketers these days, making it hard to execute, monitor, and measure marketing operations manually. Here, Assetlink details six steps to aid the troubled CMO...
Shorter product life cycles, simultaneous global product launches and increased focus on multi-channel, integrated campaign management are making it impossible to execute marketing processes manually. In addition Sarbanes-Oxley compliance is forcing marketing organizations to demonstrate transparency and accountability of their operations. As a result the CMO is challenged with instituting efficient and measurable marketing processes.
Culturally, introducing efficiencies into the marketing function is not easy. Marketing teams pride themselves for their strategic thinking and creative skills. Efficient marketing operations management (MOM) often takes a back seat. The problem is further aggravated by heavy dependence on external partners for advertising, promotions, creative design and production. Well thought-out change management practices, combined with the right technology, can help dramatically improve marketing efficiencies. Consequently, marketing teams become more available for greater strategic and creative thinking by automating mundane activities.
Six steps to marketing efficiencies
Using a Marketing Operations Management (MOM) solution, the CMO can create a marketing culture that will streamline marketing processes at both the operational and campaign level, will propel the organization to reduce waste, and will drive higher revenue returns. It is not as difficult as you may think if you leverage the MOM technology and follow these six simple steps:
1. Communicate marketing objectives
All too often, marketing teams tend to repeat the marketing campaigns from one year to another based on their historical returns. The future value often changes based on market trends and competitive environment. This misalignment of business objectives and marketing execution is one of the biggest sources of inefficiencies.
Rigorous quantification of business objectives into marketing performance indicators (MPI) result in Marketing Scorecards, that can help the CMO to consistently communicate marketing objective. MPIs such as brand awareness, market share, leads, customer satisfaction, etc. help marketing teams to align and fine-tune their marketing mix to achieve the marketing objectives. In addition, it helps marketing management to monitor if these objectives are being achieved during the course of execution of marketing activities.
2. Define marketing plans
Most marketing planning and budgeting activities tend to be manual, iterative and ad hoc exercises. The final plans are hidden behind mountains of spreadsheets and documents that are not visible to most stakeholders until the last minute. This results in constant and unnecessary urgencies and causes wasteful crisis-driven operations.
Marketers need to define and create a standard, enterprise-wide online template that stores all the captured information as structured document. This will help marketers ensure the consistency of information, improve collaboration (among authors of the strategic plans and with upper management for the plan review) and automate the generation of reports showing the effect of marketing strategy with respect to marketing objectives, channels, segments and products. Marketers also need to define a consistent format for building an operational plan in terms of marketing activities or initiatives. For example, each marketing activity should have clearly defined parameters such as marketing objectives, products, segments, channels, expected results, etc., in addition to the budget and execution schedule. Taking the time to define a clear and consistent plan-template will ensure that the operational plan data is uniform throughout the organization, has the ability to automate the consolidation of budgets for financial analysis and can generate reports showing break-up of budgets by marketing objectives, channels, segments and products.
3. Track marketing budgets
Today, marketing managers and marketing/financial controllers are forced to spend a significant amount of time tracking budgets for marketing activities, tracking the associated invoices and following up with vendors for payments. Marketing related financial information tends to be processed three times; first, by marketing manager in their Excel spreadsheets, next by the marketing controller in their Access database, and finally by the finance department in the ERP system. As a result, marketing groups have great difficulty adjusting budgets in response to new market and business realities since none of the information on budgets, commitments and spends is current. This makes it almost impossible for marketers to generate reports correlating their budgets with various marketing and business parameters, so it is never really clear to them where the money is being spent.
By creating a single, online centralized system that integrates financial reporting with operational planning tools, marketers can submit the requests for purchase orders and forward invoices to the controllers. They can also share and integrate forecasting and financial scheduling data, track vendor information, vendor estimates and invoices. More importantly, automating the budgeting functions enables marketers to make instantaneous adjustments in both budget and strategy to ensure optimum effectiveness.
4. Streamline and automate marketing workflows
All to often project managers in marketing service departments are charged with coordinating large numbers of marketing projects related to product launches, advertising, promotions, sponsorships and events between marketing managers and external service providers using rudimentary tools such as spreadsheets and e-mails. Their communications with both marketing managers and external partners tends to be ad hoc, subjective and non-uniform, which leads to inconsistent results.
Marketers need to define both uniform processes and templates in order to streamline communications between different stakeholders. By providing project managers with an online tool that manages workflow, they are able to capture and communicate marketing briefs, track project timelines and assign work to external partners. Further, by automating the tracking function, managers can use this information to integrate with operational planners and generate marketing briefs for executing marketing activities and integrate with budget managers to track vendor estimates and invoices per project.
5. Control marketing assets and improve reuse
Much time, effort and money is wasted due to a marketer's inability to control and manage their marketing assets. Traditionally, product and advertising photos, marketing collateral, logos, etc. are scattered across several media silos, geographical regions, marketing and product teams and even external agencies. Marketing managers and marketing services groups are forced to spend a significant amount of time and effort searching for them and wind up paying a substantial amount of money to external agencies for fulfilment of their requests. This inconvenience of accessing and retrieving marketing assets results in recurring repurchases and redesigns leading to further cost overruns and time delays.
To overcome these obstacles, CMOs need to create a repository that houses all of their marketing assets and provides controlled access to employees and partners. For instance, by instituting a template driven artwork adaptation system, the marketing department can eliminate graphics production costs and time delays related to the modification of office stationery, customer communications pieces, marketing collateral and promotional items. By housing marketing assets in one centralized location, the entire marketing group will dramatically enhance the reuse of existing assets, resulting in huge cost and time savings.
6. Manage brands
One of the most important and over-looked components of an effective marketing strategy is managing your company's brand assets. As a CMO, you need to articulate both your brand strategy and brand essence to your marketing managers and define creative guidelines for external agencies if you want to ensure the consistent and accurate expressions of brands. All too often, companies find themselves investing a significant amount of money and effort in producing and distributing brand books and building and maintaining specialized brand websites. However, the information presented tends to be overwhelming, outdated and represents a "one-way communication" from the corporate headquarters to the markets.
Savvy marketers know that by implementing a collaborative environment that enables brand managers and external suppliers to contribute brand related content, without requiring them to be experts in Internet technologies, results in the organization's ability to access the most up-to-date visual identity elements and track its usage.
Changes to processes can reap big benefits
Achieving marketing efficiencies requires a combination of marketing skills and operations management. The biggest hurdle in achieving marketing efficiencies is assessing the current situation in an objective manner, clearly articulating the benefits, managing assets and proving program results. So before you rush to execute "the next big thing" create an environment that encourages dialog with your current marketing team, identifies areas of opportunities and defines objectives and results.
By leveraging technology, marketing objectives can be clearly defined in quantitative terms (hard numbers) and ROI can be easily calculated proving greater efficiencies to your marketing operations.